Armenia
The land of the beginning


HISTORY & TRADITION

Discover

If asked in what place of the world one is likely to find the greatest number of wonders, I would name Armenia first of all.  Involuntarily you are surprised in such a small place on earth it is possible to meet such monuments and such people, who can be the ornaments and pride of the whole world.


Rockwell kent

American painter and writer

THE CRADLE OF VINE AND WINE


One of the world’s oldest civilizations, steeped in a history and tradition that dates back millennia, Armenia’s territory lies in the southern Trans Caucasus in the highlands surrounding Biblical Mount Ararat. The Cradle of Vine and Wine, the vine has forever been present in the valleys of Armenia with the wild Vitis vinifera silvestris, ancestor of the cultivated vinifera vine species, already established in its highlands over a million years ago.

A LAND NURTURED BY AN ANCIENT WINE CULTURE


The Urartian kings of VIII century BC referred to Armenia as ‘the land of the vineyards’ while Greek scholars Herodotus, Xenophon and Strabo, described the river trade on the Tigris by Armenian merchants exporting their wines downstream to the Assyrians and beyond. The first nation to adopt Christianity in 301 AD wine became a fundamental part of Armenia’s religious culture.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL TESTIMONY


Armenia’s landscape is strewn with countless testimonies of a glorious wine past, the most important being the archaeological site of Areni I Cave. Dating back to 4000BC and considered the world’s oldest wine making facility, this site with its rudimentary wine presses speaks of sophisticated winemaking on a large scale. The excavations of Karmir Blur, dating back 3000 years, have revealed wine cellars with more than 480 huge amphorae buried in the ground and stamped with year of production. Other testimonies include the cellars of the royal quarters in the fortress of Garni (III century BC), the cellars of Zvartnoz (VII century) among countless others.

It is also of course in Armenia, at the foothills of Biblical Mount Ararat, where legend has Noah, the world’s first vigneron, plant his vineyards and later became famously drunk on his own wine!